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非标自动化设备装配过程中的调试技巧

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  不管调试任何一个产品都要首选了解它的特性,非标自动化设备作为工业自动化领域应用较为广泛的机械设备,以灵活的量身定制,操作方便及功能多样给工业制造业带来了新的发展商机。在使用非标自动化设备的过程中涉及较多的就是设备的调试,一些常用的调试技巧分享给大家。
  No matter debugging any product, we must first understand its characteristics. As a kind of mechanical equipment widely used in the field of industrial automation, non-standard automation equipment has brought new business opportunities for industrial manufacturing industry with flexible customization, convenient operation and diversified functions. In the use of non-standard automation equipment in the process involves more is the debugging of equipment, some common debugging skills to share with you.
非标自动化设备
  1、了解产品特性,包括:外观、尺寸、公差、结构、工艺、编程等。
  1. Understand product characteristics, including appearance, dimension, tolerance, structure, process, programming, etc.
  2、将零件(包含标准件和非标加工件)清理干净,将最核心部分的零件挑选出来,做到从最核心的零部件开始组装调试。组装过程中应该检查测量所装部件的精度,确保横平、竖直、同心度、契合度等问题。
  2. Clean up the parts (including standard parts and non-standard processing parts), and select the most core parts, so as to start assembly and debugging from the core parts. During the assembly process, the accuracy of the parts installed should be checked and measured to ensure the horizontal, vertical, concentricity, fit and other issues.
  3、对于单气缸推拉或升降部分,应保证拉要到位,推也要到位,并且不能有异常阻力。
  3. For single cylinder push-pull or lifting part, it should be ensured that the pulling and pushing should be in place, and there should be no abnormal resistance.
  4、旋转部分应确保旋转部分的平衡度、垂直度、同心度。以达到摆臂,分度的精度。
  4. The balance, perpendicularity and concentricity of the rotating part shall be ensured. In order to achieve the precision of swing arm and indexing.
  5、销钉、卡槽。有销钉孔和卡槽的地方应清理干净,选择合适的销钉进行定位,销钉以单边紧配为最佳,方便拆卸和装配;卡槽精度应控制在0.02以内,以确保在二次装配时的精度,不得过大过紧。若过大则无精度,过紧则无法装配。
  5. Pin, slot. The places with pin holes and slots should be cleaned up, and appropriate pins should be selected for positioning. The best one-sided tight fitting of the pins is convenient for disassembly and assembly. The accuracy of the clamping slot should be controlled within 0.02 to ensure the accuracy during the secondary assembly, and should not be too large or too tight. If it is too large, there will be no precision; if it is too tight, it can not be assembled.
  6、非标自动化设备送料部分依据产品而定,公差带为0.1左右,可以保证产品在料道中通过时畅通无阻。料道零部件入料方向和接口处需倒斜角以 0.2*30 度为标准,具体情况依据产品而定。料道内部需做抛光处理,可防止产品刮伤,刮花。
  6. The feeding part of non-standard automatic equipment is determined according to the product, and the tolerance zone is about 0.1, which can ensure the smooth passage of products in the material channel. The feeding direction and interface of material passage parts should be inverted angle of 0.2 * 30 degrees, and the specific situation depends on the product. The internal part of the material channel should be polished to prevent the product from scratch and scratch.
  7、丝杆、滑轨,非标自动化设备在组装时应特别注意螺帽和滑轨,不可滑出丝杆和滑轨以外,避免滚珠掉出来导致产品报废或影响精度。在组装时确保零件的平行度、垂直度和同心度以后,再进行装配。以防止不合格零件在组装时将丝杆和滑轨固定变形导致报废。
  7. Special attention should be paid to nuts and slide rails when assembling screw rods, slide rails and non-standard automation equipment. Do not slide out of the screw rods and slide rails, so as to avoid product scrapping or affecting precision caused by ball falling out. When assembling, ensure the parallelism, perpendicularity and concentricity of parts before assembling. In order to prevent unqualified parts from deformation of screw rod and slide rail during assembly.
  8、阀门的速度调节,阀门的速度应以在不影响生产效率的前提下刚好将产品运走的速度为最佳状态。阀门速度过快会有振动或将产品抖飞;过慢会降低生产效率。
  8. Valve speed adjustment, valve speed should not affect the production efficiency under the premise of just the speed of product transport is the best state. If the valve speed is too fast, it will vibrate or shake the product; if it is too slow, the production efficiency will be reduced.
  只有熟悉的掌握非标自动化设备的调试技巧,在实际应用的过程中合理灵活运用这些技巧可以帮助您快速调试成功,让设备稳定的运行才能降低设备的生产成本,提高企业的经济效益。
  Only by mastering the debugging skills of non-standard automation equipment and using these skills reasonably and flexibly in the process of practical application can help you debug successfully quickly and make the equipment run stably. Only in this way can the production cost of the equipment be reduced and the economic benefits of the enterprise be improved.