Assembly robots are composed of three basic parts: the main body, driving system, and control system, and are the core equipment of flexible automated assembly systems. In industrial automation assembly production lines, industrial robots that assemble parts or components are high-tech products that integrate optical, mechanical, microelectronic, automatic control, and communication technologies, with high functionality and added value.
Assembly robots can be divided into universal assembly robots and precision assembly robots according to different environments. According to different movement forms of the arms, assembly robots can be divided into Cartesian coordinate system type assembly robots, vertical multi joint type assembly robots and planar joint type (SCARA) assembly robots.
Assembly robots are widely used in various fields of industrial production. Mainly used in the manufacturing of various electrical appliances (including household appliances such as televisions, tape recorders, washing machines, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners), small motors, cars and their components, computers, toys, mechanical and electrical products and their components assembly, etc.
In the automotive assembly industry, manual assembly has been basically replaced by automated production lines, which not only saves labor costs, reduces labor intensity, but also improves assembly quality and ensures assembly safety. With the continuous development and improvement of assembly robot functions, as well as the further reduction of assembly robot costs, it will play a more important role in more fields in the future.
By using an electron microscope, micro assembly robots can operate and assemble components of microcomputer systems that are tens of micrometers in size, and achieve assembly tasks of large components through multi robot coordination.
Advantages of assembly robots:
Fast operation speed, good acceleration performance, and shortened working cycle time.
High precision, with extremely high repeated positioning accuracy, ensuring assembly accuracy.
Improve production efficiency and solve single heavy physical labor.
Improve the working conditions of workers and get rid of toxic and radiation equipment environments.
Good reliability, strong adaptability, and high stability.
Good flexibility, small working range, and can be used in conjunction with other systems.
It can be seen that assembly robots play a very important role in the industrial assembly field, especially in recent years, many advanced production lines equipped with assembly robots have been introduced in industries such as automobiles and electronics. In the future, assembly robots will be an effective way to improve energy and efficiency in the manufacturing industry.