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多维度分析自动化包装流水线如何提升企业的核心竞争力

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  定制自动化包装设备之前,企业首先要评估自身的痛点是在包装质量、人员效率、包装材料或运输成本的浪费,还是需要优化空间利用率,这样才能从根本上解决问题。如何从作业效率、包装质量、成本优化和绿色环保等多维度改善订单包装流程,将成为未来提升企业供应链核心竞争力的关键。
  Before customizing automatic packaging equipment, enterprises should first evaluate whether their pain point is the waste of packaging quality, personnel efficiency, packaging materials or transportation costs, or the need to optimize space utilization, so as to fundamentally solve the problem. How to improve the order packaging process from multiple dimensions such as operation efficiency, packaging quality, cost optimization and green environmental protection will become the key to enhance the core competitiveness of the enterprise supply chain in the future.

物流自动化包装线


  当然,企业只有从物流系统整体考虑,设计和构建自动化的订单包装系统,才能最大限度地发挥其功能和价值。订单包装环节由于流程复杂,包括包装箱选择、产品投入、复核、填充物投入、打印发票单据、插入广告宣传单、封箱、快递面单粘贴等,一直是物流中心内劳动力相对密集的环节,也是影响物流中心作业效率的瓶颈所在。无论在B2B行业还是B2C行业,企业物流中心的订单包装环节都经常面临着人员效率低、出错率高、包装质量不稳定、产品保护不足、包装区域占地面积过大等诸多挑战。
  Of course, only by considering the logistics system as a whole, designing and building an automatic order packaging system, can enterprises give full play to its function and value. Due to the complex process of order packaging, including packing box selection, product input, review, filler input, printing invoice documents, inserting advertising leaflets, sealing boxes, pasting express face sheets, etc., it has always been a relatively labor-intensive link in the logistics center, and it is also the bottleneck affecting the operation efficiency of the logistics center. No matter in B2B or B2C industry, the order packaging link of enterprise logistics center often faces many challenges, such as low personnel efficiency, high error rate, unstable packaging quality, insufficient product protection, large area of packaging area and so on.
  一、自动化包装提高作业效率Automatic packaging to improve operation efficiency
  以零售和电商行业为例,这类企业客户的订单结构差异性大,需要包装工人具备一定的工作经验才能准确快速地完成从包装箱选择到封箱的一些列流程。即使是熟练工能够达到的效率也不过人均每小时包装60~80箱货物。而自动化包装设备的效率则要高很多,例如,自动封箱机每小时可处理800多箱货物,相当于10~14名包装工人的作业效率。
  Taking retail and e-commerce industries as an example, the order structure of such enterprise customers varies greatly, and packaging workers need to have certain work experience to accurately and quickly complete some processes from packaging box selection to sealing. Even skilled workers can achieve no more than 60-80 boxes of goods per person per hour. The efficiency of automatic packaging equipment is much higher. For example, the automatic sealing machine can handle more than 800 boxes of goods per hour, which is equivalent to the operation efficiency of 10 ~ 14 packaging workers.
  同时,包装岗位的任务繁重,属于重体力重复劳动,极易引起操作人员的工作疲劳和劳动性损伤,而且面对十几种箱型的选择和管理,人工判断也更容易出错。很多现代化的物流中心已经采用了自动化程度比较高的存储、拣选、分拣系统,然而订单包装环节还停留在人工包装的水平,成为整个物流中心效率的瓶颈,使物流中心的整体效率大打折扣。如果能够将规格统一的一部分订单采取自动化包装将可以大幅提高物流中心的整体订单处理效率,降低包装工人的作业压力,减少对人员的依赖。
  At the same time, the task of packaging post is heavy, which belongs to heavy physical repeated labor, which is very easy to cause work fatigue and labor-related injury of operators. Moreover, in the face of the selection and management of more than a dozen box types, manual judgment is more likely to make mistakes. Many modern logistics centers have adopted storage, sorting and sorting systems with a high degree of automation. However, the order packaging link is still at the level of manual packaging, which has become the bottleneck of the efficiency of the whole logistics center, greatly reducing the overall efficiency of the logistics center. If some orders with uniform specifications can be automatically packaged, it will greatly improve the overall order processing efficiency of the logistics center, reduce the working pressure of packaging workers and reduce the dependence on personnel.
  二、自动化包装保证包装质量 Ensure packaging quality
  人工包装的质量完全取决于包装工人的技术水平和经验,因而容易出现参差不齐的现象。人工包装的纸箱通常为上下翻盖式的,纸箱的结构强度比较低、抗破坏性差,对产品的保护也多采用人工填充充气袋或保护泡沫。而传统的充气袋或泡沫要么占用的空间太大,造成包装内的空置率高,浪费了运输成本,要么无法将产品固定在纸箱内,运输途中会产生晃动,成为安全隐患。如果遇到长途运输或暴力分拣,尤其在像刚刚过去的“6•18”这样的发货高峰期,普通的翻盖式纸箱包装的破损率相对比较高,对产品无法起到良好的保护作用,因此而产生的客户投诉也经常困扰着企业,同时为企业的品牌形象带来很多负面影响。
  The quality of manual packaging completely depends on the technical level and experience of packaging workers, so it is easy to be uneven. Artificial cartons are usually made up and down. The structural strength of the cartons is relatively low and the resistance to damage is poor. The protection of the products is mostly done by filling the inflatable bags manually or protecting the foam. The traditional inflatable bag or foam occupies too much space, resulting in high vacancy rate in the package, wasting the transportation cost, or unable to fix the product in the carton. The transportation will cause sloshing and become a potential safety hazard. In case of long-distance transportation or violent sorting, especially in the peak period of delivery such as "June 18", the damage rate of ordinary flip carton packaging is relatively high, which can not play a good role in protecting the products. Therefore, the resulting customer complaints often disturb the enterprise and bring a lot of negative effects on the brand image of the enterprise.
  针对这些问题,自动化包装设备,提供从纸箱成型到纸箱封箱,以及产品保护的全套包装解决方案。包装机采用天地盖纸箱来实现更好的产品保护,并可以实现纸箱自动成型、放入并固定热缩膜,在订单产品放入纸箱后,通过烘道收缩热缩膜将产品牢牢地固定在纸箱底部,无论运输途中如何颠簸,产品在箱内也不会晃动。同时,纸箱底部设计了易撕条,方便用户开箱,也防止产品在运输途中被开箱掉包,保障产品的安全。
  To solve these problems, automated packaging equipment provides a full set of packaging solutions from carton forming to carton sealing and product protection. The packaging machine adopts the heaven and earth cover carton to achieve better product protection, and can realize the automatic forming of the carton, put in and fix the heat shrinkable film. After the order product is put into the carton, the product is firmly fixed at the bottom of the carton through the drying channel shrinkage heat shrinkable film. No matter how bumpy it is during transportation, the product will not shake in the carton. At the same time, easy tear strips are designed at the bottom of the carton to facilitate users' unpacking, prevent products from being unpacked and swapped during transportation, and ensure the safety of products.
  三、多元探索优化成本Diversified exploration and optimization cost
  包装环节的成本优化需要从多方面考虑,包括:由于包装损坏、客户拒收所带来的逆向物流成本上升;人员成本逐年上涨,北京、上海等一线城市的包装工人成本已经超出人均每年十万元,而且由于人员流动性大,企业面临着招聘难、培训难、管理难的问题;包装材料、填充物的成本也较高且容易产生浪费,目前人工包装的填充物较多、包装内的空置率高,导致企业为运输“空气”而支付了很多不必要的运费成本;此外,包装区域的占地面积很大,包装站台除了工作台还需要考虑存放包装材料以及补货的通道,在电商和第三方物流等订单量大的物流中心内,包装站台的占地面积甚至能达到几千甚至上万平方米,这也造成建筑成本或者租金成本的提升。
  The cost optimization of packaging needs to be considered from many aspects, including: the rise of reverse logistics cost caused by packaging damage and customer rejection; The cost of personnel is rising year by year. The cost of packaging workers in first tier cities such as Beijing and Shanghai has exceeded 100000 yuan per capita per year. Moreover, due to the large mobility of personnel, enterprises are facing difficulties in recruitment, training and management; The cost of packaging materials and fillers is also high and easy to waste. At present, there are many fillers in manual packaging and the vacancy rate in the packaging is high, resulting in enterprises paying a lot of unnecessary freight costs for transporting "air"; In addition, the packaging area covers a large area. In addition to the workbench, the packaging platform also needs to consider the channel for storing packaging materials and replenishment. In logistics centers with large orders such as e-commerce and third-party logistics, the floor area of the packaging platform can even reach thousands or even tens of thousands of square meters, which also increases the construction cost or rental cost.
  企业选择一套合适的订单包装解决方案需要综合考虑以上因素,针对包装质量与人员效率的问题,前文已经有所涉及不再赘述。从节省包装材料的角度出发,选择天地盖纸箱是目前市场上更为经济的方案,它比上下翻盖式纸箱节省7%的耗材,更比一片成型式纸箱节省高达35%的耗材。
  Enterprises need to comprehensively consider the above factors when choosing a set of appropriate order packaging solutions. For the problems of packaging quality and personnel efficiency, the above has been covered and will not be repeated. From the perspective of saving packaging materials, the choice of Tiandi cover carton is a more economical scheme in the market at present. It saves 7% of consumables compared with the up and down flip carton and up to 35% of consumables compared with a molded carton.
  未来,随着企业物流升级,包装环节也将朝着自动化与智能化方向发展,企业只有从物流系统整体考虑,设计和构建自动化的订单包装系统,才能最大限度地发挥其功能和价值。山东红宝自动化有限公司会根据企业的不同需求定制出适合的自动化包装解决方案。
  In the future, with the upgrading of enterprise logistics, the packaging link will also develop in the direction of automation and intelligence. Only by considering the overall logistics system, designing and building an automatic order packaging system, can enterprises give full play to its function and value. Shandong Hongbao Automation Co., Ltd. will customize suitable automatic packaging solutions according to the different needs of enterprises.