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模块化组装方式的自动化流水线设备满足了汽车的个性化需求

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  起初,汽车制造工厂中引入了自动化流水线设备的生产方式,奠定了现代工业文明的基础,这种流水线模式的生产背后需要满足的要求就是规划化的生产,降低产品的品类,提升产品的制造速度来供给市场。
  At first, the production mode of automatic assembly line equipment was introduced into the automobile manufacturing factory, which laid the foundation of modern industrial civilization. The requirement behind the production of this pipeline mode is to meet the requirements of planned production, reduce the product category and improve the manufacturing speed of products to supply the market.
  面对当下客户的需求越来越多样化,汽车生产方式的窘境是,当你需要预定一辆蓝色的带有导航的车型版本时,汽车公司需要收集到足够多的订单后才能安排在某一个批次进行批量生产。大多数时候,汽车企业并不提供更多个性化的配置供选择。
  Facing the increasing diversification of customer demand, the dilemma of automobile production mode is that when you need to book a blue version with navigation, the automobile company needs to collect enough orders before arranging for batch production in a certain batch. Most of the time, auto companies don't offer more personalized configurations for choice.
  在一个繁忙的汽车制造工厂,数以万计的零部件源源不断地汇总于此,他们来自于世界各地,同时被推上了一条生产流水线,30秒钟之后,一辆崭新的汽车从车间开了出来。令人瞠目结舌,汽车流水线代表了人类工业制造的最高水平。这样的场景可能将会不再发生。
  In a busy car manufacturing plant, tens of thousands of parts are coming from all over the world and pushed into a production line, and 30 seconds later, a new car comes out of the workshop. Surprisingly, the automotive assembly line represents the highest level of human manufacturing. Such a scenario may not happen again.
汽车自动化流水线设备
  流水线生产的最大问题是所有的操作环节均互相“耦合”,任何一个环节的错误都可能造成整条产线的停顿,某个环节的停顿将影响整条产线。
  The biggest problem in production line is that all operation links are "coupled" with each other. Any error in any link may cause the whole production line to pause, and the pause of a certain link will affect the whole production line.
  模块化组装消灭了流水线,把汽车制造的环节拆分成200来个互相独立的流程,每个生产流程都有一个单独的生产车间。任何一辆汽车,在完成某一个部件的组装之后,可去往任意一个有空余产能的车间,排队和调度通过中央电脑系统控制。每一个个性化订单都会电脑记录,安排生产,并清楚地知道这辆车目前在哪个车间,预计需要多少时间能够开出产线。
  Modular assembly eliminates the assembly line, and divides the automobile manufacturing process into 200 independent processes, each of which has a separate production workshop. Any car, after the assembly of a certain part, can go to any workshop with spare capacity, and queue and dispatch it through the central computer system. Each individual order will be recorded by computer, arranged for production, and it is clear which workshop the car is currently in and how long it is expected to be able to open the production line.
  在这个系统里面,可以允许无数个不同型号、配置的车型在同一时间段进行生产。而不必像在原来的生产线中那样,每一个批次只能生产相同型号和配置的车型,哪怕加装配置都会造成后面车型的排队等待。为了生产不同的车型,需要切换生产线,包括不同的夹具,匹配不同的零部件供应。每一次产线的停止都意味着巨大的产能损失。
  In this system, numerous different models and configuration models can be allowed to be produced at the same time. It is not necessary to produce the same model and configuration model for each batch, even if the configuration is added, the queuing of the later models will be caused. In order to produce different models, it is necessary to switch production lines, including different clamps, and match different parts supply. The stop of each production line means a huge loss of capacity.
自动化流水线设备
  “模块化组装”之所以能够实施,很重要的原因在于数字化生产的发展。因为大量的个性化车型以及个性化的型号和配置使得生产和物流的调度变得非常困难,大数据解决了这个问题。
  The reason why "modular assembly" can be implemented is the development of digital production. Because of a large number of personalized models and personalized models and configurations, scheduling of production and logistics becomes very difficult, big data solves this problem.
  对汽车产业而言,生产方式的变革往往会引起产业格局的重构,自动化流水线设备的生产方式一要要紧跟时代发展的脚步,在形成规模化生产的同时,也要实现精益生产,满足更多需求群体的个性化需求。
  For the automobile industry, the change of production mode often leads to the restructuring of industrial pattern. The production mode of automatic assembly line equipment must follow the pace of the development of the times, while forming large-scale production, it also needs to realize lean production and meet the individual needs of more demand groups.