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agv搬运机器人运用3D视觉导航方案的优势分析

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  随着3D视觉导航技术在实用性、鲁棒性和测量精度方面的不断进步和突破,成为agv搬运机器人的“眼睛”,为人工智能时代应用装上一双眼睛,让机器能更好的感知三维空间、并学会定位和行走。
  With the continuous progress and breakthrough of 3D vision navigation technology in practicability, robustness and measurement accuracy, it has become the "eye" of AGV transport robot, which is equipped with a pair of eyes for the application of artificial intelligence era, so that the machine can better perceive the three-dimensional space, and learn to locate and walk.
  agv搬运机器人运用的3D视觉导航方案主要从成本、安全诉求以及技术这三大方面有着突出的优势:
  The 3D vision navigation scheme used by AGV transport robot has prominent advantages in terms of cost, safety demands and technology
  成本上来说,电磁导航需要进行环境改造,施工维护成本高;磁条导航和二维码导航则分别需要在地面安装二维码和反射板,同样成本较高;3D视觉导航应用时则无需进行环境改造施工,维护成本低,且价格相对组合激光来说也比较低。
  In terms of cost, electromagnetic navigation needs environmental transformation, and the construction and maintenance cost is high; magnetic bar navigation and two-dimensional code navigation need to install two-dimensional code and reflection plate on the ground respectively, and the cost is also high; when 3D visual navigation is applied, there is no need to carry out environmental reconstruction construction, so the maintenance cost is low, and the price is also relatively low compared with the combined laser.
  安全性来说,3D视觉导航的原理是利用仿生学原理,通过标定后的双摄像头得到同步曝光图像,通过计算获取一个视野范围内的三维立体信息。
  In terms of safety, the principle of 3D vision navigation is to use bionics principle to get synchronous exposure image through calibrated dual cameras, and obtain three-dimensional information within a field of vision through calculation.
  相比激光的平面扫描,3D视觉导航更容易应付诸多环境变化,避障更灵活。
  Compared with laser planar scanning, 3D vision navigation is easier to cope with many environmental changes, and obstacle avoidance is more flexible.
agv搬运机器人运用的3D视觉导航方案
  此外,3D视觉导航与被观测对象完全无接触,因此对观测与被观测对象,都不会产生任何损伤,十分安全可靠。
  In addition, 3D visual navigation has no contact with the observed objects, so it will not cause any damage to the observed and observed objects, which is very safe and reliable.
  AGV小车在完成自动化搬运装卸作业时,除了要保证AGV 自身安全以及AGV各功能的正常运行,还要在最大可能的范围内保护人员和运行环境设施的安全。
  In order to ensure the safety of AGV itself and the normal operation of AGV functions, it is also necessary to protect the safety of personnel and operation environment facilities in the maximum possible range when the AGV car completes the automatic handling and loading operation.
  这样的安全诉求,3D视觉导航方案可很好的满足。
  This kind of security demands can be well met by 3D visual navigation scheme.
  3D视觉导航技术可以有效规避其他传统agv搬运机器人的导航方案的大部分缺点,在agv搬运机器人的设计与落地执行方案上有着很大的优势。
  3D vision navigation technology can effectively avoid most of the shortcomings of other traditional AGV transport robot navigation scheme, and has great advantages in the design and landing execution scheme of AGV transport robot.