Mechanical equipment should be tested before use. Hongbao Automation Engineer summarizes some common non-standard automation equipment assembly and debugging skills based on experience, hoping to help you.
The basic debugging skills of non-standard automation equipment are horizontal, vertical and concentric. In the process of equipment debugging, it is basically necessary to test and adjust from the following 9.
Understand product characteristics, including appearance, dimension, tolerance, structure, process, etc.
Wipe the parts clean, pick out the most core parts, and start assembly and debugging from the core parts. During the assembly process, the accuracy of the parts installed should be checked and measured to ensure the horizontal, vertical and concentricity problems.
For the push-pull or lifting part of single cylinder, it should be ensured that the pulling and pushing should be in place, and there should be no abnormal resistance.
The balance, perpendicularity and concentricity of the rotating part shall be ensured. In order to achieve the precision of swing arm and indexing.
5.销钉、卡槽 有销钉孔和卡槽的地方应擦拭干净,选择合适的销钉进行定位,销钉以单边紧配为最 佳,方便拆卸和装配;卡槽精度应控制在0.02以内,以确保在二次装配时的精度,内部需做抛光处理,可防止产品刮伤,刮花。
The place with pin hole and slot in pin and slot should be wiped clean, and appropriate pin should be selected for positioning. The best pin is one-sided tight fitting, which is convenient for disassembly and assembly. The accuracy of clamping groove should be controlled within 0.02 to ensure the accuracy during secondary assembly. The internal polishing treatment is required to prevent product scratch and scratch.
The feeding part of the material path is mostly determined by the product, and the tolerance zone is about 0.1, which can ensure the smooth passage of the product in the material path. The feeding direction and joint of material passage parts shall be inverted angle with 0.2 * 30 degree as the standard, and the specific situation shall be determined according to the product.
During the assembly of screw rod and slide rail, special attention should be paid to the nut and slide rail. It is not allowed to slide out of the screw rod and slide rail, so as to prevent the ball from falling out, resulting in product scrapping or affecting the accuracy. When assembling, ensure the parallelism, perpendicularity and concentricity of parts before assembling. In order to prevent unqualified parts from deformation of screw rod and slide rail during assembly.
The speed of the valve should be the best when the product is transported away without affecting the production efficiency. If the valve speed is too fast, it will vibrate or shake the product; if it is too slow, the production efficiency will be reduced.
Adjustment and troubleshooting of common components
Adjust the front sensor to push the front sensor to the front end of the cylinder, and the cylinder stroke should also be at the front end. At this time, the sensor should be in the light off state, and it is appropriate to push the sensor back from the front end to just on.
The optical fiber is adjusted according to different brand specifications. The operation is different, but the principle is the same. Pay attention to the difference between reflective fiber and opposite reflection fiber.
Vibration disk, direct vibration plate and direct vibration are divided into two parts: vibration part and control part. The vibration part is mainly a vibrating magnet, and the control part is a vibration controller. There are power switch buttons, voltage and frequency buttons on the controller. If the vibration frequency is too high, the product will vibrate or go back; if the vibration frequency is too small, the product will move or not move. If the vibration frequency and voltage are adjusted to the maximum, the vibration disk or direct vibration is still slightly shaking. Check whether the gap between electromagnets or steel sheet is loose or broken. The gap between electromagnets is 0.5-1 mm. Please adjust according to the situation
In the assembly of non-standard automation equipment, reasonable and flexible use of these skills can help you quickly debug success, improve the economic benefits of enterprises, and reduce the production cost of equipment.