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分享9个常用的非标自动化设备组装调试技巧

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  机械设备在使用之前要进行必要的测,红宝自动化工程师根据经验总结出一些常用的非标自动化设备组装调试的技巧,希望对大家有所帮助。
  Mechanical equipment should be tested before use. Hongbao Automation Engineer summarizes some common non-standard automation equipment assembly and debugging skills based on experience, hoping to help you.
  非标自动化设备的基本调试技巧都是"横平、竖直、同心"。在进行设备调试的过程中基本上需要从以下9个方便进行测试和调整。
  The basic debugging skills of non-standard automation equipment are horizontal, vertical and concentric. In the process of equipment debugging, it is basically necessary to test and adjust from the following 9.
非标自动化设备组装调试
  1.了解产品特性包括:外观、尺寸、公差、结构、工艺等。
  Understand product characteristics, including appearance, dimension, tolerance, structure, process, etc.
  2.将零件擦拭干净,将最核心部分的零件挑出来,从最核心的零部件开始组装调试。组装过程中应该检查测量所装部件的精度,确保横平、竖直、同心度问题。
  Wipe the parts clean, pick out the most core parts, and start assembly and debugging from the core parts. During the assembly process, the accuracy of the parts installed should be checked and measured to ensure the horizontal, vertical and concentricity problems.
  3.对于单气缸推拉或升降部分,应保证拉要到位,推也要到位,并且不能有异常阻力。
  For the push-pull or lifting part of single cylinder, it should be ensured that the pulling and pushing should be in place, and there should be no abnormal resistance.
  4.旋转部分应确保旋转部分的平衡度、垂直度、同心度。以达到摆臂,分度的精度。
  The balance, perpendicularity and concentricity of the rotating part shall be ensured. In order to achieve the precision of swing arm and indexing.
  5.销钉、卡槽 有销钉孔和卡槽的地方应擦拭干净,选择合适的销钉进行定位,销钉以单边紧配为最 佳,方便拆卸和装配;卡槽精度应控制在0.02以内,以确保在二次装配时的精度,内部需做抛光处理,可防止产品刮伤,刮花。
  The place with pin hole and slot in pin and slot should be wiped clean, and appropriate pin should be selected for positioning. The best pin is one-sided tight fitting, which is convenient for disassembly and assembly. The accuracy of clamping groove should be controlled within 0.02 to ensure the accuracy during secondary assembly. The internal polishing treatment is required to prevent product scratch and scratch.
  6.送料部分料道大部分依据产品而定,公差带为0.1左右.可以保证产品在料道中通过时畅通无阻。料道零部件入料方向和接又 处需倒斜角以0.2*30度为标准,具体情况依据产品而定。
  The feeding part of the material path is mostly determined by the product, and the tolerance zone is about 0.1, which can ensure the smooth passage of the product in the material path. The feeding direction and joint of material passage parts shall be inverted angle with 0.2 * 30 degree as the standard, and the specific situation shall be determined according to the product.
  7.丝杆、滑轨 在组装时应特别注意螺帽和滑轨,不可滑出丝杆和滑轨以外,避免滚珠掉出来导致产品报废或影响精度。在组装时确保零件的平行度、垂直度和同心度以后,再进行装配。以防止不合格零件在组装时将丝杆和滑轨固定变形导致报废。
  During the assembly of screw rod and slide rail, special attention should be paid to the nut and slide rail. It is not allowed to slide out of the screw rod and slide rail, so as to prevent the ball from falling out, resulting in product scrapping or affecting the accuracy. When assembling, ensure the parallelism, perpendicularity and concentricity of parts before assembling. In order to prevent unqualified parts from deformation of screw rod and slide rail during assembly.
  8.阀门的速度应以在不影响生产效率的前提下刚好将产品运走的速度为最佳状态。阀门速度过快会有振动或将产品抖飞;过慢会降低生产效率。
  The speed of the valve should be the best when the product is transported away without affecting the production efficiency. If the valve speed is too fast, it will vibrate or shake the product; if it is too slow, the production efficiency will be reduced.
  9.常用元器件调节及故障处理
  Adjustment and troubleshooting of common components
  a)感应器,调前感应将前感推至气缸的最前端,气缸行程也应在最前端,此时感应器应处于灭灯状态,将感应器从前端往后推至刚亮则为合适。
  Adjust the front sensor to push the front sensor to the front end of the cylinder, and the cylinder stroke should also be at the front end. At this time, the sensor should be in the light off state, and it is appropriate to push the sensor back from the front end to just on.
  b)光纤 根据不同品牌规格进行调整,操作不一样但原理一样,注意反射光纤和对射光纤的区别。
  The optical fiber is adjusted according to different brand specifications. The operation is different, but the principle is the same. Pay attention to the difference between reflective fiber and opposite reflection fiber.
  c)振动盘、直振 振动盘和直振分为两个部分:振动部分和控制部分。振动部分主要为振动磁铁,控制部分为振动控制器,控制器上有电源开关按钮,和电压、频率按钮。振动频率过大,产品会振掉或回走;振动过小,产品微动或不动。若振动频率和电压调至最大时,振动盘或者直振还是轻微抖动,应该检查电磁铁之间的间隙或钢片是否松动或者断裂,电磁铁中间的间隙以0.5-1mm之间最合适。请根据情况适当调整
  Vibration disk, direct vibration plate and direct vibration are divided into two parts: vibration part and control part. The vibration part is mainly a vibrating magnet, and the control part is a vibration controller. There are power switch buttons, voltage and frequency buttons on the controller. If the vibration frequency is too high, the product will vibrate or go back; if the vibration frequency is too small, the product will move or not move. If the vibration frequency and voltage are adjusted to the maximum, the vibration disk or direct vibration is still slightly shaking. Check whether the gap between electromagnets or steel sheet is loose or broken. The gap between electromagnets is 0.5-1 mm. Please adjust according to the situation
  在组装非标自动化设备时,合理灵活运用这些技巧可以帮助您快速调试成功,提高企业的经济效益, 降低设备的生产成本。
  In the assembly of non-standard automation equipment, reasonable and flexible use of these skills can help you quickly debug success, improve the economic benefits of enterprises, and reduce the production cost of equipment.