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人工智能前沿科技:机器视觉检测技术推动了工业的进步

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  技术的演进与创新大力地推动了制造业的变革与进步。具有触觉、力觉或视觉的工业机器人,能在较为复杂的环境下工作,如具有识别功能或更进一步增加自适应、自学习功能,即成为智能型工业机器人。
  The evolution and innovation of technology has greatly promoted the reform and progress of manufacturing industry. Industrial robots with touch, force or vision can work in more complex environments. If they have recognition function or further increase adaptive and self-learning functions, they will become intelligent industrial robots.
  工业机器人正以迅猛的发展速度替代人工,从事繁重及枯燥的工作,并且向着更智能的方向在发展,而服务机器人,将会是下一个风口。但要想发展服务机器人,就要让机器人获得人的能力,首先就是视觉。
  With the rapid development speed, industrial robots are taking the place of labor, engaging in heavy and boring work, and developing towards a more intelligent direction. Service robots will be the next outlet. But if we want to develop service robots, we need to let robots acquire human capabilities, first of all, vision.
  视觉对人非常重要,人类获得的讯息90%以上都是依靠眼睛,而我们就来看看人工智能的前沿技术——机器视觉。
  Vision is very important to people. More than 90% of the information we get depends on our eyes. Let's take a look at the cutting-edge technology of artificial intelligence machine vision.
机器视觉识别技术
  机器视觉检测系统设备作为人工智能一个快速增长的分支,目的是能够给机器人与我们自己相当的视觉,在过去几年中,由于研究人员运用专门的神经网络,以帮助机器人识别和理解来自现实世界的图像,目前已经取得了巨大的进步。
  As a rapidly growing branch of artificial intelligence, machine vision inspection system equipment aims to give robots the same vision as ourselves. In the past few years, great progress has been made in the past few years due to the use of specialized neural networks to help robots recognize and understand images from the real world.
  伴随物联网的发展,多传感器、分布式控制的精密型工业机器人将会越来越多,逐步渗透制造业的方方面面,并且由制造实施型向服务型转化。
  With the development of the Internet of things, there will be more and more precision industrial robots with multi-sensor and distributed control, which will gradually penetrate all aspects of the manufacturing industry, and transform from manufacturing implementation to service-oriented.
  机器视觉犹如人的双眼,有了视觉系统的配合,犹如人有了一双明亮的眼睛,能实现在工件位置不准确工况下的自动化生产。
  Machine vision is like human's eyes. With the cooperation of vision system, it is just like people have a pair of bright eyes, which can realize the automatic production under the condition of inaccurate workpiece position.
  工业机器人定位技术
  Positioning technology of industrial robot
  机器人的智能化程度影响着整个工业演化的进程,传统的机器人大多是通过示教再现或者预编程来实现各种操作,极大地限制了机器人的应用。具有听觉、机器视觉及多种传感器的机器人运动控制技术,是柔性自动化制造技术中的典范,利用机器人的视觉控制,不需要预先对工业机器人的运动轨迹进行示教或离线编程,可节约大量的编程时间,提高生产效率和加工质量。
  The intelligent degree of robot affects the whole process of industrial evolution. Most of the traditional robots realize various operations through teaching and reproduction or pre programming, which greatly limits the application of robots. Robot motion control technology with hearing, machine vision and various sensors is a model of flexible automatic manufacturing technology. Using robot vision control, it does not need to teach or program the motion track of industrial robot in advance, which can save a lot of programming time, improve production efficiency and processing quality.
  让机器人像人一样,有自我意识:走到什么地方,去抓取什么工件,用多大力度去抓,把工件放置在什么位置进行装配,不是由人类设定程序控制,而是机器人自己做。这个“自我控制”的过程实际上就是通过机器视觉技术让工业机器人有了智力。
  Let the robot, like a human being, have self-consciousness: where to go, what workpiece to grab, how much strength to grasp, and where to place the workpiece for assembly, it is not controlled by human set program, but by robot itself. This "self-control" process is actually through machine vision technology to give industrial robots intelligence.
  工业在线检测系统
  Industrial online detection system
  机器视觉在工业在线检测的各个应用领域十分活跃,如:印刷电路板的视觉检查、钢板表面的自动探伤、大型工件平行度和垂直度测量、容器容积或杂质检测、机械零件的自动识别分类和几何尺寸测量等等。
  Machine vision is very active in various application fields of industrial on-line inspection, such as visual inspection of printed circuit board, automatic flaw detection of steel plate surface, measurement of parallelism and perpendicularity of large workpieces, detection of container volume or impurities, automatic identification and classification of mechanical parts, and measurement of geometric dimensions, etc.
  机器视觉技术工业应用
  Industrial application of machine vision technology
  机器视觉检测系统技术广泛应用于电子及半导体制造、汽车制造、工业检测、药品检测分装、食品包装、印刷检测、铁路及公路检测、公共安全、金融、生物医学、娱乐、军事、化工及科研等领域。
  Machine vision detection system technology is widely used in electronic and semiconductor manufacturing, automobile manufacturing, industrial testing, drug testing and packaging, food packaging, printing testing, railway and highway testing, public security, finance, biomedicine, entertainment, military, chemical and scientific research fields.
  工业领域毋庸置疑是机器视觉检测系统应用比重最大的领域,其重要原因是中国已经成为全球制造业的加工中心,高要求的零部件加工及其相应的先进生产线改造,使机器视觉产品在工业制造领域的应用达到顶峰。
  The industrial field is undoubtedly the largest application area of machine vision inspection system. The important reason is that China has become the processing center of global manufacturing industry. The application of machine vision products in the industrial manufacturing field has reached the peak due to the high requirements of parts processing and the corresponding advanced production line transformation.