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快速设计出满足生产需求的非标自动化设备的注意事项

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  要知道机械机构是非标自动化设备的关键组成部分,因而也就限制了其结构设计和加工形式是不可以进行量产的设备,必须根据生产需求设计固有的生产程序,因需求不同而进行的差异化设计。
  We should know that mechanical mechanism is the key component of non-standard automation equipment, which limits its structural design and processing form. It is not allowed to carry out mass production. We must design the inherent production procedures according to the production requirements and carry out the differentiated design according to the different requirements.
  当然,在非标自动化设备设计的过程中,为了更好的设计出符合生产目标的设备,就需要避免以下几个问题。
  Of course, in the process of non-standard automation equipment design, in order to better design the equipment in line with the production objectives, we need to avoid the following problems.
非标自动化设备
  1、在机构设计时要考虑到零部件不能过于复杂,尽量考虑用通用零件来满足设计要求。尽量不有太多的焊接,因为钣金件在焊接时的变形量比较大,会造成外形不是很美观,同时装配时比较困难。
  In the mechanism design, it is necessary to consider that the components should not be too complex, and try to use the general parts to meet the design requirements. Try not to have too much welding, because the deformation of sheet metal parts in welding is relatively large, which will cause the appearance is not very beautiful, and it is difficult to assemble at the same time.
  2、在传动部件的设计上要考虑它的可调性,因为钣金件组装时的位置尺寸不是很精准,还有钣金件在安装到主体结构上时,因为主体结构在焊接时会产生变形和轻度的位移,需要到装配现场进行打孔和攻丝,所以在设计时要考虑到操作的空间和位置。
  In the design of transmission parts, its adjustability should be considered, because the position and size of sheet metal parts during assembly are not very accurate, and when the sheet metal parts are installed on the main structure, because the main structure will produce deformation and slight displacement during welding, it is necessary to go to the assembly site for drilling and tapping, so the operation space and position should be considered in the design.
  3、考虑好其它零部件的安装位置和安装尺寸。在结构设计时需要考虑电器件的安装位置和空间及电线的走向要预留好位置。
  Consider the installation position and size of other parts. In the structural design, it is necessary to consider the installation position and space of the electrical components and the direction of the wire to reserve a good position.
  4、运动的平稳性是表现非标自动化设备使用性能的重要指标,具有足够的强度和刚度,能保持规定的运动精度。
  The stability of motion is an important index to show the performance of non-standard automation equipment. It has enough strength and stiffness and can maintain the specified motion accuracy.
  5、设备在规定的条件下,规定的时间内,完成或保持其规定工作的能力称为可靠性。故障率越小,可靠性越高。
  The ability of the equipment to complete or maintain the specified work under the specified conditions and within the specified time is called reliability. The lower the failure rate, the higher the reliability.
  6、产品质量的稳定性、加工精度的保持性、对环境的适应性、使用维修方便,操作简单安全等等这些因素都是非标自动化设计过程中需要考量的因素。
  The stability of product quality, the maintenance of machining accuracy, the adaptability to the environment, convenient use and maintenance, simple and safe operation and so on are all factors that need to be considered in the process of non-standard automation design.
  正是因为非标自动化设备具有一定的灵活性,能适应一定范围产品规格、品种变化的要求。具有合理的自动化程度。要根据需要和可能性来综合考虑,不能脱离具体条件而盲目追求先进性。
  It is because of the flexibility of non-standard automation equipment that can adapt to the requirements of a certain range of product specifications and varieties. It has a reasonable degree of automation. We must consider comprehensively the needs and possibilities and pursue the advanced nature blindly instead of the specific conditions.